Wetlands

Hulun Lake National Nature Reserve, Inner Mongolia

Historical evolution of Hulun Lake National Nature Reserve in Inner Mongolia

Location of Hulun Lake National Nature Reserve in Inner Mongolia

Hulun Lake National Nature Reserve of Inner Mongolia is located in xinbalhuyouqi, xinbalhuzuoqi, Manzhouli City and zalainoer District of Hulunbuir city of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. It is a comprehensive nature reserve of wildlife type, wetland ecosystem type and grassland ecosystem type.
Hulun Lake, also known as Dalai Lake, is the largest lake in Inner Mongolia, the fifth and fourth largest freshwater lake in China, and the largest freshwater lake in the arid region of Central Asia. The largest area of the lake is 233900 hectares, and the water storage capacity is 13.85 billion cubic meters. The aquatic biological resources in the lake are extremely rich. Lakes, rivers, reed ponds, swamp wetlands, meadows and grasslands constitute a complex and diverse natural ecological environment. Hulun Lake wetland is not only an important channel for the migration of inland birds in the east of China, but also a stop station for migratory waterfowl from Northeast Asia to Australia.
Hulun Lake National Nature Reserve in Inner Mongolia is an important wetland in the world and one of the UNESCO World Biosphere reserves.
Functional zoning map of Nature ReserveFunctional zoning map of Nature Reserve
Functional zoning map of Nature Reserve
In July 1986, the "Dalai Lake rare bird wetland and grassland ecosystem nature reserve" was established with the approval of the people's Government of new balhu Right Banner;
In December 1990, it was approved by the people's Government of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region to be promoted to an autonomous region level nature reserve;
In October 1992, it was promoted to a national nature reserve with the approval of the State Council;
In March 1994, through the agreement of the governments of China, Mongolia and Russia, CMR Daur international nature reserve was composed of China's Dalai Lake National Nature Reserve, Mongolia's Daur National Nature Reserve and Russian Federation's daursk National Nature Reserve;
In May 1994, Dalai Lake National Nature Reserve and the Mallory National Wildlife Refuge in Oregon, USA formed sister reserves;
In February 1996, with the approval of the State Council, Dalai Lake National Nature Reserve expanded from about 4000 square kilometers to about 7400 square kilometers;
In January 2002, it was approved by the Secretariat of the International Convention on wetlands and included in the list of important wetlands in Ramsar Convention;
In November 2002, it was approved by UNESCO to join the world network of biosphere reserves;
In August 2015, with the approval of the State Council, Dalai Lake National Nature Reserve was officially renamed as Hulun Lake National Nature Reserve.
Hulun Lake National Nature Reserve is located in the northeast of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and the west of Hulunbeier city. It is located in the border area of China, Mongolia and Russia. The reserve covers four administrative regions, namely, new balhu Right Banner, new balhu Left Banner, Manzhouli City and zalainoer district. It is 164 kilometers away from Hailar District, the capital of Hulunbuir city. It is 41 kilometers away from Manzhouli City, the largest land port in China. It is 14 kilometers away from alatanemole town in the West and 50 kilometers away from Amugulang town in the East Latitude 47 ° 45 ′ 50 ″ ~ 49 ° 20 ′ 20 ″; longitude 116 ° 50 ′ 10 ″ ~ 118 ° 10 ′ 10 ″.
The reserve is located in the eastern end of Eurasian steppe, which belongs to temperate continental climate. The annual average temperature is - 1.3 ℃ - 0.4 ℃, the extreme maximum temperature is 40.1 ℃, the extreme minimum temperature is - 42.7 ℃; the effective accumulated temperature of 10 ℃ is 2336-2675 ℃; the frost free period is 110-160 days; the average annual precipitation is 247-319mm and the average annual evaporation is 1636mm.
The reserve is located at the West foot of Daxinganling Mountains and the east side of Mongolian Plateau, with an altitude of 545-785 meters. Its landform is composed of lake basin bottom, lakeside plain and alluvial plain, flood plain, sandy land, low mountains and hills and high plain.
Hulun Lake National Nature ReserveHulun Lake National Nature Reserve
Hulun Lake National Nature Reserve
Hulun Lake is a huff and puff lake on Hulunbeier high plain, ranking the fifth largest lake in China. It is an irregular oblique rectangle from northeast to southwest. The length of the lake is 93 km, the average width of the lake is 32 km, and the maximum width is 41 km. The slope of the west side of the lake near the cliff is large, and the north, East and south sides are relatively gentle. The deepest point is in the center of the lake basin to the West. At high water level, the lake water flows into the Erguna River along the Xinkai River and Dalan Oromu River and flows into the Okhotsk Sea, which is a freshwater lake; at low water level, it becomes an inland lake with slightly salty (or brackish) water. The water replenishment of Hulun Lake mainly comes from the Wuerxun River, the Kelun River, the natural precipitation, the runoff around the lake and the natural inflow of groundwater. Due to the large area and shallow water depth of the lake, evaporation consumption is more. In history, the highest water level of Hulun Lake was 545.33 meters in 2000. The largest area of Hulun Lake is 233900 hectares, the maximum water depth is 8 meters, the average water depth is 5.7 meters, and the water storage capacity is 13.85 billion cubic meters. Since 2000, due to the continuous decline of precipitation in the surrounding areas, the water inflow of Wuerxun River and krulun River, the main supply rivers of Hulun Lake, has decreased sharply. From 2000 to 2012, the total inflow of the two rivers was 4.05 billion cubic meters, with an average annual average of 310 million cubic meters, which was only 1 / 4 of the annual average value. The amount of water entering the lake was only 1 / 6 ~ 1 / 7 of the evaporation, resulting in the continuous decline of lake water level. From 2000 to 2012, the water level of Hulun Lake dropped from 544.4 meters to 540 meters, the water area decreased from nearly 2200 square kilometers to 1750 square kilometers, and the water storage capacity decreased from 14 billion cubic meters to 4.5 billion cubic meters. After the project of "diverting water from the river to the lake" was put into operation in 2009, the water level in the lake area was still lower than the average water level for many years until 2013.
Due to the fact that the Kelun River and the Wuerxun river carry about 250000 tons of sediment into the lake every year, coupled with the collapse of the lakeshore caused by strong wind and waves, there is about 50 cm thick sediment deposition at the bottom of Hulun Lake.
Beier lake is a freshwater lake shared by China and Mongolia. It is oval in shape, 40 km long and 20 km wide, covering an area of 60878 hectares. 4026 hectares in the northwest are owned by China and are all in the reserve. Generally, the depth is about 9 meters, and the deepest part of the lake can reach more than 50 meters.
Xindalai lake is formed by the breach of Hulun Lake with an area of 14700 hectares. It is located about 9 kilometers northeast of ganzhuhua and 5 kilometers away from Hulun Lake in the West. With the decline of Hulun Lake water level, xindalai lake was cut off from Hulun Lake in 2001 and dried up in 2006.
WuLanNuoer is located 80 kilometers south of Hulun, which is the water surface formed by the tributaries of Wuerxun river. When the water is big, it is 15-17 km long from east to west, 2-5 km long from north to south, covering an area of 3200 ha. In dry season, it becomes a swamp. It dried up in 1996 and recovered to its original appearance after ecological engineering treatment in 1997.
The Kelun river is located in the southwest of Hulun Lake. It originates from the south foot of Kent mountain in the people's Republic of Mongolia, and flows into Hulun Lake from west to East. The total length of the river is 1264 km and the width is about 40-90 M. It is 206.44km long in China and less than 20km in nature reserve.
Wuerxun river originates from Beier lake, flows into Hulun Lake in the north, connects Hulun Lake and Beier Lake in North and south, and connects left and right grasslands of new balhu from east to west, with a total length of 223.28 km and drainage area of 10528.27 km2. The width of the river varies with the amount of water. In the wet season, the river width is generally 60-70 meters, and the water depth is 2-3 meters.
The halaha river originates from darbin Lake in the Western foot of jiligexian in the south of Daxing'an Mountains. It flows from southeast to northwest and flows to the vicinity of ebudugkalun, which is divided into two branches, one flows into the Wuerxun river through the sallejin River (dried up) to the northwest, and the other flows into Beier Lake in the south.
It is a tributary of the halaha River, which is 41.19 km long before it flows into the lake bell. It is a 52 km long tributary. In the Urxun River, it flows 24.07 km from the bell lake to the Urxun river. The sharejin river connects halaha River and Wuerxun River directly, forming a triangle area through which the boundary line of China and Mongolia passes. Among them, the area of the Shahe River Basin in China is 5175 hectares.
Hulun Lake National Nature ReserveHulun Lake National Nature Reserve
Hulun Lake National Nature Reserve
Xinkai River is an artificial river connecting the old roads at both ends of Dalan Oromu river. It starts near Shasha mountain in the east of Hulun Lake in the south, bypasses Zhalainoer mining area and railway station in the East, crosses Binzhou railway, reaches the foot of Heishantou in the northwest, and joins the old river course of the lower reaches of Dalai Luomu River, with a total length of 16.4 km. The width of Xinkai River bottom is bounded by railway, 15 meters to the South and 22 meters to the north. On the Xinkai River near Shasha mountain in the east of Hulun Lake, a sluice gate was built to control the fluctuation of lake water; on the Xinkai River south of Binzhou railway line, an outlet flood gate was set up to prevent Hailar River from flowing back into the lake at high water level.
The artificial river channel connecting Hulun Lake and Hailar River was put into operation in 2009, which played a key role in curbing the trend of water level decline in Hulun Lake.
There are some seasonal rivers and lakes in Hulun Lake water system, which are distributed around Hulun Lake.
There are two kinds of seasonal lakes. One is the lake bubble connected with Hulun Lake, with good water quality. There are xindalai lake, songhatuo lake, arendormo lake, wudulupao lake and jibuqi fish circle Lake; the other one is not connected with Hulun Lake, but the water surface changes with the change of Hulun Lake water level, with small area, high salinity and more distribution on the West Bank of Hulun Lake.
The seasonal rivers around Hulun Lake converge into the lake in the season of heavy rainfall. There are mainly the following rivers: Hulun ditch, Shuiquan ditch, dashajuan River, Xishan Valley and laono.4 ditch.
Hulun LakeHulun Lake
Hulun Lake
The reserve is composed of Dalai Lake water area, Beier Lake (part of China), Wuerxun River, mouth of Kelun River, Ulan Nur, xindalai lake and its nearby grassland. The reserve is divided into five core areas and corresponding buffer zones, namely, Ulan Nur core area, galadabaxin core area, shuangshanzi core area, Wuerxun River core area and Beier Lake core area, and the rest are experimental areas. The core area is 76803 hectares, accounting for 10.38% of the total area; the buffer area is 38930 hectares, accounting for 5.26% of the total area; the experimental area is 624267 hectares, accounting for 84.36% of the total area. One of the most famous is the core area of Ulan Nur, located in the middle section of the Wuerxun River, covering an area of 7500 hectares. It is a natural habitat for birds and fish. A large number of birds live here every year.
Protect the ecosystem in the area. They are lakes, wetlands and typical grasslands, and their structural functions can be brought into full play. Due to its special geographical location, Hulun Lake Reserve has become an important passage for birds to migrate in Northeast Asia and an important habitat for Asian waterfowl.
Protect the biodiversity in the area. The first is to protect species diversity. There are 486 species of higher plants, 30 species of fish, 4 species of amphibians and reptiles, 333 species of birds and 35 species of mammals. Among them, 64 species of animals are listed in the Red Book of China's national protected species. Second, ecosystem diversity: it has typical grassland ecosystem, wetland ecosystem, sandy vegetation, shrub meadow and other ecological landscape types. Third, genetic diversity: the reserve is rich in species, and some species have large populations, such as geese and ducks, gulls, herons, Snipes and Passeriformes.
The plant species in Hulun Lake Nature Reserve are relatively simple. According to the preliminary statistics, there are 311 species (including subspecies, varieties and forms) of vascular plants in 181 genera and 58 families. There are 1 family, 1 genus and 2 species of pteridophytes, 1 family, 1 genus and 1 species of gymnosperms, 240 species of 43 families, 134 genera and 240 species of dicotyledons, 13 families, 47 genera and 68 species of monocotyledons. The flora is mainly composed of herbaceous elements, with some mesophytic meadow elements and a small amount of marsh elements
Dauri -- Mongolian species
Hulun Lake National Nature ReserveHulun Lake National Nature Reserve
Hulun Lake National Nature Reserve
Pan Arctic plant species
The geographical distribution environment of Pan Arctic plant species is complex, mainly distributed in meadow, swamp and shallow water. The main species distributed along the coast of Dalai Lake are duckweed of duckweed family, Cunninghamia lanceolata of Cunninghamia, pudendum of sargassaceae, myriophyta of paederiaceae, biogenic Salicornia of Salicaceae, and Sika of Saxifragaceae; in the meadow vegetation of the lake area, there are tall and medium-sized mixed grassland elm, smooth Bromus inermis, Miscanthus awns, Potentilla anserinaceus of Rosaceae, and milkweed of Primulaceae Among the pan Arctic elements, the typical representatives of grassland plant species are Chaetoceros Gramineae, Artemisia frigida and Artemisia purpurea of Compositae, digitalis nitidum, tarpaulin of Rubiaceae, and thrush grass of Gramineae.
Ancient Arctic plant species
The ancient Arctic plant species occupy a certain proportion along the coast of Dalai Lake. Many of them are important components of meadow. There are more aquatic plants, swamp plants, and some xerophytes in grassland.
The main plants belonging to the ancient Arctic meadow species are Festuca arundinacea, Festuca pseudobulatum, Medicago sativa, Medicago sativa, Geranium sibiricum, Convolvulus arvensis, Thalictrum multiforme (Allium sativum); the wild fireball belongs to the grassland species of ancient Arctic meadow; the representative species of aquatic and biogenic ancient arctic plants are Allium fistulosum, Ceratophyllum spicatum, water spinach (nelumbinium Nelumbinis), as well as the northern solitary vegetable and flat storage , Rumex longissima, etc.
East Arctic species
Hulun Lake National Nature ReserveHulun Lake National Nature Reserve
Hulun Lake National Nature Reserve
Ancient Mediterranean plant species
The ancient Mediterranean plant species mainly include some plant species distributed in the arid and semi-arid areas of the ancient Mediterranean. The main species along the coast of Dalai Lake are: Nitraria Nitraria, loquat wood (red sand), twig salt claw claw, salt claw claw, woodskin, Achnatherum splendens, Suaeda angustifolia, etc.
Central Asian plant species
Xerophytes are the main species in Central Asia. There are two dominant species of Stipa in the grassland along the coast of Dalai Lake (West and southwest). One is Stipa krylovii and the other is Stipa Gobi. In addition, Allium tuberosum (mostly Allium fistulosum) is distributed in the alkalized lowland along the southwest coast of Dalai Lake, sometimes forming dominant communities. There are also Caragana angustifolia, Artemisia fargesii, and the distribution of Salicornia on the sand dunes along the lake bank, and some annual herbaceous plants, such as mangrove, which belong to Central Asia.
Black Sea Kazakhstan Mongolia plant species
The flora mainly contains some xerophytes and meadow plants. The main representative species are: Gramineae graminearum graminearum in arid steppe, grass layer at the bottom of dry grassland composed of it, and desert ice grass, Jatropha curcas, iris tenuifolia and other dry grassland plant species distributed in the sandy grassland south of Dalai Lake. In the meadow and salinized meadow vegetation, common species are acidoderma salina and Desmodium pratense. On the gravel or sandy grassland, the representative species are Artemisia variabilis, Potentilla Stellaria, Convolvulus argenteus, shepherd's purse, etc.
East Asian species
East Asian species are less distributed along the coast of Dalai Lake. Potentilla, as well as xerophytic semi shrub Artemisia annua, etc.
Cosmopolitan species
In addition to the above floristic elements, there are also worldwide distribution species in the humid and arid phytogeographical regions of the northern and southern hemispheres in Dalai Lake area, mainly including some swamp elements, aquatic plants and residential weeds. The main species distributed along the coast of Dalai Lake are: water candle (Typha angustifolia), Phragmites australis, Allium tuberosum, Potamogeton tenuifolia, Setaria Setaria, amaranth retroflexus (amaranth), Chenopodium album, Helianthus indicum, etc.
swanswan
swan
There are 190 species and 2 subspecies of birds in 38 families and 17 orders near Hulun Lake, of which 155 are Palaearctic and 35 are widely distributed. There is no oriental invasion. There are 172 species of migratory birds, including 98 summer migrants and 69 travelers. There are 79 species of Passeriformes, 72 species of waterfowl belonging to 13 families, 7 orders (including 21 species of echinoformes, 4 species of cranes, 8 species of gulls), and 24 species of raptors. There are 35 species of birds under state protection, including 4 species of first class (black stork, white crane, Red Crowned Crane, etc.), 8 species of class II (white spoonbill, swan, Curlew, eagle, etc.), and 23 species (Raptor, grey crane, great bustard and Demoiselle Crane, etc.). There are a certain number of breeding population of cygnet and the largest breeding population of Demoiselle Crane in China. In the later investigation, 51 species of birds belonging to 3 families were found, including the great bustard, Golden Eagle and other first-class protected birds, including 1 crane. There are 241 species belonging to 41 families and 17 orders in Hulun Lake area, accounting for 1 / 5 of the total birds in China.
26 species of fishes belonging to 6 families and 4 orders have been recorded in Hulun Lake, which include cannibals, red fin goblins, Mongolian red goblins, hucho, Cyprinus carpio, asiaticus amurensis, Carassius auratus, pike, catfish, labiatus japonicus, etc. Thirty five species of mammals belonging to 13 families and 6 orders have been recorded in Hulun Lake area, including wolf, sand fox, weasel, badger, grass rabbit, dauriculus dauricus, weasel, three toed jerboa, little hairy footed rat and yellow sheep. Two species of reptiles, Rana sinensis and Bufo raddei, have been found.
Hulun Lake National Nature ReserveHulun Lake National Nature Reserve
Hulun Lake National Nature Reserve
Site management. It mainly focuses on the strict protection of the core area and buffer zone, and the management of key habitats and sensitive areas such as bird habitat and breeding ground, fish migration channel and spawning area. Each station to patrol management, the masses reported cases and the handling of emergencies to implement on-site management.
Administrative law enforcement. Over the past decade, the reserve administration has dealt with more than 400 illegal cases, confiscated and destroyed more than 3000 illegal tools, effectively curbing illegal activities in the reserve and protecting natural resources. Through the training of administrative law enforcement, we should constantly improve the level of administration according to law.
Bird, grassland and wetland vegetation monitoring is the main work in the reserve, and its content and means are gradually improved and refined. Since 1995, 17 wetland and vegetation monitoring plots and 50 permanent monitoring sites have been selected, and 8 representative permanent ecological monitoring sites have been established. Each management and protection station has a full-time scientific research personnel, equipped with various telescopes, cars, motorcycles, GPS and communication equipment. They are responsible for the annual monitoring of birds in sensitive areas of their jurisdiction. Through the participation of bird monitoring, GIS, vegetation monitoring and other professional training, to improve their daily monitoring level. The bird resources in spring, summer and autumn were fixed in the reserve and its surrounding areas. After years of monitoring, the number of bird species recorded in the reserve increased from 241 to 333, and a total of 92 new records were found.
Scientific research achievements have been published in various journals. In addition, 51 academic papers related to Dalai Lake Nature Reserve were collected and two volumes of scientific papers were compiled. The reserve has completed the comprehensive investigation of wetland, animal and plant resources, and compiled and published the comprehensive investigation report of Hulun Lake National Nature Reserve in Inner Mongolia.
It has continuously expanded channels for foreign scientific research cooperation, and has established long-term cooperative relations with the Central University for nationalities, Beijing Forestry University, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, international crane foundation, Hulunbuir Meteorological Bureau, Nanjing Institute of geography and lakes, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Nanjing Institute of environmental science of the Ministry of environmental protection. Through cooperation, the project of biodiversity protection and community development in Inner Mongolia of China and Canada, water resources management research project of Heilongjiang River Basin, habitat research of canines, climate change and its impact on ecological environment in Hulun Lake area, biodiversity monitoring project of Erguna River Basin, monitoring project of two reptiles and monitoring project of crane were carried out.
Hulun Lake National Nature ReserveHulun Lake National Nature Reserve
Hulun Lake National Nature Reserve
On the "Wetland Day", "World Environment Day", "world Biodiversity Day", "Earth Day" and other anniversaries, public publicity activities were carried out in the form of leaflets to strengthen the publicity of nature reserves. Over the past ten years, more than 20000 copies of various publicity materials have been distributed, and more than 100 warning signs have been set up in key areas, major intersections and outside the reserve, which has achieved good publicity results.
The publicity and education of the people around the nature reserve should be carried out in an easy to understand way, so that the surrounding people can fully understand the relationship between the construction of the nature reserve and the local economic construction, the protection of ecological environment and the sustainable utilization of resources, so as to improve the consciousness of participating in the construction and management of the nature reserve; through the publicity and education of the legal system, the legal concept of the people around the nature reserve can be improved Legal management, in order to rule by law.
The primary and secondary school students should take a variety of innovative and distinctive publicity and education methods. Through participating in field activities and summer camps, their interest will be improved. The primary and secondary school students' knowledge of nature conservation will be enriched through popular science publicity and education. The concept of loving hometown, nature, nature reserve and wildlife will be enhanced. Different publicity and education methods are adopted for different groups of people. Every year, the nature reserve organizes publicity for community herdsmen and people from all walks of life to make them understand the reserve and support the reserve. We have successfully held two "Dalai Lake Cup" student knowledge competition and one "Dalai Lake Cup" speech contest on "6.5" world environment day. On average, the amount of propaganda and education for students can reach 800 person times, and that for community herdsmen can reach 500 person times. The Dalai Lake wetland was rated as "the best wetland for ecological protection in China".
Sketch map of the Three Kingdoms reserve (Daur international nature reserve)Sketch map of the Three Kingdoms reserve (Daur international nature reserve)
Sketch map of the Three Kingdoms reserve (Daur international nature reserve)
Over the years, the reserve has also cooperated with a number of international organizations. Such as: International Crane Foundation, International Fund for the protection of animals, World Wide Fund for nature, GEF project, Canadian agricultural development project, etc. Through the implementation of the project, the capacity-building of the nature reserve has been strengthened, the source of funds has been expanded, and the staff of the reserve have also been trained and improved during the implementation of the project.
In order to strengthen the exchange and cooperation between the reserves at home and abroad, the reserve has established sister reserves with Mallory National Wildlife Refuge, Dafeng Milu Nature Reserve in Jiangsu, Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve in Yunnan, and heizanma National Park in Canada. In 2007, Dalai Lake Biosphere Reserve, together with nine other well-known wetland nature reserves in China, established the "sister reserve network of migratory bird migration network in eastern China", and held annual academic exchange meetings to promote joint exhibition.
In addition, in order to comply with the new economic normal and speed up the process of comprehensive management of Hulun Lake, the Administration Bureau of the nature reserve has actively carried out foreign cooperation projects: to jointly build a research station for ecological positioning of the nature reserve in cooperation with Nanjing Institute of geography and lakes, Chinese Academy of Sciences; and cooperate with Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences and Inner Mongolia hexinyuan Mongolian grass drought resistance and greening Co., Ltd. in grassland ecological restoration and desertification repair Carry out project cooperation in multiple fields. These three companies have rich experience and strong strength in the key areas of cooperation, and their successful cooperation is another important achievement made by the Reserve Management Bureau in accelerating the comprehensive management of Hulun Lake, which plays an important role in further improving the scientific research and monitoring capacity of the reserve and accelerating the development process of eco-tourism in the reserve.
yachtyacht
yacht
The regulations are divided into five parts: General principles, planning and protection, utilization and management, legal responsibility and supplementary provisions. The reserve is divided into core area, buffer area and experimental area. Among them, the core area is a well preserved natural ecosystem and the concentrated distribution area of rare and endangered animals and plants, and no unit or individual is allowed to enter without authorization; the periphery of the core area is the buffer zone, which is only allowed to engage in teaching, scientific research and observation activities, and is forbidden to carry out tourism and production and business activities; the periphery of the buffer zone is an experimental area, which can carry out scientific experiments, teaching practice and participation Observation and investigation, tourism, domestication, reproduction of rare and endangered wild animals and plants, and appropriate production and management activities.
The large area grassland of Hulun Lake National Nature Reserve in Inner Mongolia is the most typical and complete middle temperature grassland ecosystem preserved in China. It preserves the structural characteristics of typical grassland animal and plant communities to the maximum extent, and has an ancient history of flora and community occurrence. The reserve also has vast water area and wetland. Hulun Lake is the largest freshwater inland lake in northern China. It is a paradise for many birds to inhabit and breed. It is also an important distribution center for bird migration in Northeast Asia. It is also an ideal place for bird ecology research and lake ecosystem evolution. At the same time, the reserve is also a rich gene bank of natural species resources and a repository for saving and protecting species, which has high scientific research value.