Wetlands

Momoge National Nature Reserve, Jilin Province

Historical evolution of Momoge National Nature Reserve in Jilin Province

Location of Momoge National Nature Reserve in Jilin Province

Jilin Momoge National Nature Reserve is located in Zhenlai County, Baicheng City, Jilin Province, at the intersection of turbulent Nenjiang River and gentle Taoer River, with a total area of 144000 hectares. Facing Heilongjiang Province in the East and Inner Mongolia in the north, Momoge National Nature Reserve is a bright pearl on the Horqin grassland. It is a mysterious and simple fairyland and bird paradise that everyone yearns for and is infatuated with by cranes. There are many rivers and lakes in the area, and the habitats are complex and diverse, such as river beach Carex wetland, lake beach depression reed wetland and Suaeda salsa.
In October 2013, Momoge National Nature Reserve in Jilin Province was officially listed in the list of important wetlands by the international wetland convention organization.
Momoge National Nature Reserve, Jilin ProvinceMomoge National Nature Reserve, Jilin Province
Momoge National Nature Reserve, Jilin Province
In 1994, it was listed in the list of the first batch of wetlands in China by the State Environmental Protection Administration.
On December 8, 1997, the State Council approved the promotion of the National Nature Reserve as a national nature reserve.
On January 18, 2001, the State Forestry Administration approved the master plan of Jilin Momoge National Nature Reserve.
The 136th special meeting of Jilin Provincial People's Government on November 13, 2001 studied the management system and wetland protection of Momoge National Nature Reserve in Jilin Province. It was decided at the meeting that "the management system with dual management by the provincial forestry department and Zhenlai county government, mainly local management, should be changed to a management system that still adopts dual management but mainly manages by the provincial forestry department".
According to the reply of jizbo [2002] No.16 document on March 1, 2002, Jilin Momoge National Nature Reserve "is a public institution owned by the whole people under the Department of forestry of Jilin Province. According to the standard treatment equivalent to the department level, it has 53 institutions and full financial allocation".
In October 2013, it was officially listed in the list of important wetlands by the International Convention on wetlands.
Momoge National Nature Reserve is located in Zhenlai County, the west of Jilin Province. It is a typical wetland type reserve and the main migration route of water birds in the East migration area of China. Its geographical coordinates are 45 ° 42 ′ 25 ″ - 46 ° 18 ′ 0 ″ N and 123 ° 27 ′ 0 ″ - 124 ° 4 ′ 33.7 ″ E. With a total area of 144000 hectares, it faces duerbert and Tailai counties in Heilongjiang Province across Nenjiang River in the East, Taoerhe River in the South and Da'an City in Jilin Province in the south, and some areas of dandai, Wukeshu, haduqi, Dongping and chatai townships in the northwest.
Momoge National Nature Reserve, Jilin ProvinceMomoge National Nature Reserve, Jilin Province
Momoge National Nature Reserve, Jilin Province
The nature reserve has a temperate continental monsoon climate. Its characteristics are: spring drought wind, hot and rainy summer, cool autumn, cold winter snow. The average temperature is 4.2 degrees Fahrenheit. The total amount of solar radiation is 124.71 kcal / m2. The average initial frost period is about September 25, the final frost period is May 10, and the annual frost free period is 137 days.
Momoge National Nature Reserve, Jilin ProvinceMomoge National Nature Reserve, Jilin Province
Momoge National Nature Reserve, Jilin Province
Soil can be divided into 7 soil groups and 17 subgroups. Meadow soil, chernozem and alluvial soil are the main soil types in the areas along the river and the river, while light chernozem and aeolian sandy soil are distributed in the central and central and western regions.
Momoge National Nature Reserve, Jilin ProvinceMomoge National Nature Reserve, Jilin Province
Momoge National Nature Reserve, Jilin Province
According to preliminary statistics, there are about 600 species of seed plants, including 361 species of economic medicinal plants, which belong to 77 families.
The ecological landscape in this area is divided into river and lake wetland, Carex angustifolia wetland, reed swamp wetland and Suaeda salsa wetland. Of the 144000 ha protected area, 26700 ha of water area, 77300 ha of reed Carex swamp, 15000 ha of grassland, 11600 ha of natural secondary forest and plantation, and 13400 ha of other land. Wetland area accounts for more than 80% of the total area of the region, which is the largest wetland type reserve in Jilin Province.
The main protected objects are cranes, storks, swans and other rare and endangered species as well as their habitat environment. Among the 296 kinds of birds, there are 10 kinds of first class national protected birds, namely red crowned crane, white crane, white headed crane, great bustard, white stork, black stork, Golden Eagle, white tailed sea eagle, jade belt sea eagle, tiger head sea eagle; second category protection birds, big Swan, mandarin duck, egret, white naped crane, grey crane, SuoYu crane, Da, grassland eagle, black eagle, Falcon, spear falcon, eagle There are more than 40 species of birds with ornamental value, such as seagull, silver gull, Mongolian lark, crested lark, horned lark, sablin, short toed sand lark, grey starling, Pacific bird, longevity belt, yellow breasted bunting, etc. Wetland waterfowl is the main bird composition, which has an important role in Jilin Province and even northeast China.
Momoge National Nature Reserve is a typical wetland type reserve, with a total area of 144000 hectares, of which the wetland area accounts for more than 80% of the total area. The comprehensive evaluation index of wetland ranks first in Jilin Province. It is the largest wetland reserve in Jilin Province, known as the kidney of Western Jilin Province, and plays an important role in international wetlands.