Humanistic history of Shiliang waterfall
Guangsi temple under the ancient stone beam waterfall
Shiling falls is the best in all the land of Tiantai Mountain, 22 kilometers north of Tiantai County, Zhejiang province. It is the essence of the "Tang Poetry Road" in eastern Zhejiang. In the mountains and hills, a stone crosses the sky, and the waterfalls are pouring down. "The wind and thunder all day and night" have made the scholars of the past pour their souls into the earth, leaving countless poems and poems of the Zhuang nationality, known as "the first wonders in the world". The ancient Fangguang temple near the waterfall is the 500 arhat Taoist temple. Guangsi temple in China is a Buddhist temple.
Tiantai Mountain is a famous mountain in the south of the Yangtze River and the birthplace of Tiantai Sect of Buddhism.
The center of Tiantai Mountain is Huading, surrounded by mountains like a piece
Shiliang waterfall is no more spectacular than other waterfalls, but it has its own unique features: first of all, it has a huge stone beam about two Zhang long across the two cliffs. The slightly arched beam surface looks like a crouching python. Jinxi and daxingkeng two streams, from the left and right, converge here. The rocks in the stream are rough and uneven, and the water flows down layer by layer. Each time, the water falls, arouses a burst of snow-white water spray, and then falls again. In this way, after four falls, the stream finally flows to the Shiliang in the middle of the white waves and gathers into a huge snow wave group and rushes towards the Shiliang. Some of them were knocked back, while most of them went through the bottom of the beam and fell into a valley tens of feet deep, making a deafening sound. Near the Shiliang waterfall are the four character stone inscriptions named "the first wonder" by Mi Fu, a great calligrapher of the Song Dynasty, Kang Youwei, the leader of the reformist school in the late Qing Dynasty, and the inscription "Qian Du re Lai" written by Liu Ao, the governor of Shiliang.
There are numerous scenic spots and waterfalls in Tiantai Mountain. In his poem Huading, pan Lei, a poet in the early Qing Dynasty, has a sentence that "mountains and hills insert Xiaohan one by one, and streams and waterfalls run rainbow thunder everywhere". However, the best place of Tiantai lies in a waterfall, which is the famous Shiliang waterfall.
The beauty of the Shiliang waterfall lies in the spray of thousands of waves, like a pile of snow and beads, which lasts all year round. Therefore, there is a saying that "the ice and snow are three thousand feet, and the wind and thunder are twelve times.". From the Guangsi temple in the Chinese side, you can reach the Guangsi Temple below along the mountain path. At this time, looking back at the stone beam waterfall, the scenery has changed again. The stone beams are hanging high into the clouds, and the waterfalls are shaking off from the sky. It is like a silver dragon falling from the sky, as described in a poem
Stone bridge everywhere foot stroll, especially wonderful exploration in the bottom.
A curtain of poetry and painting hanging on the wall, the wind and thunder shake that Cang.
Third, I want to see a loose bed.
When Xu Xiake looked down on the abyss from the stone beam, he once wrote: "I went up from the beam and looked down at the abyss. My hair and bones are creepy."
Another unique feature of Shiliang waterfall is that it is set off by the beautiful mountains and waters in eastern Zhejiang and the prosperity of the nearby cities and towns. Tiantai Mountain itself has a lot of beautiful scenery, and it is also a Buddhist resort. Therefore, Shiliang waterfall is more famous. When it comes to Tiantai Shiliang waterfalls, one can not help but think of a long poem praising the waterfalls. This is the song of watching the waterfalls after the rain by Wei Yuan, a Jinshi in the Qing Dynasty. The whole poem is as follows:
"Yanqiu waterfall smoke cangcangcang, Zhongtiao waterfall thunder, Kuang Lu waterfall as vast as the river. Only the waterfall of Tiantai is not unusual. The waterfall is in the stone beam: if a person lies on his side and stretches his arm, his strength can stretch eighty-four thousand Zhang and release nine Milky way frost on the blue sky. I'm here in Lianchao
In addition to Shiliang waterfall, Tiantai Mountain also has water curtain waterfall and copper pot dripping waterfall. They are 3 kilometers away from the Shiliang waterfall, each with its own characteristics. Among them, the copper pot drip leak is born with abdominal expansion; the narrow mouth of the big stone, about four or five feet high, is like a big copper pot. The current whistling down falls into Weng, like thunder, and then spirals out of the rock gap shaped like the mouth of the pot, and then flows straight into the green pool below.
The best in all the land is the "day and night storm". The stone lovers have been pouring down all over the ages. Apart from being known as "the most amazing sight in the world", they are also regarded as the essence of the "Tang Poetry Road" in eastern Zhejiang.
Ancient lower Guangsi
Ancient lower Guangsi
Tiantai Mountain is the main Taoist temple of the five hundred Arhats.
"Records of the western regions" said: "the Buddhist scriptures, the Fangguang holy temple, 500 Arhats live in Yan." The biography of eminent monks written by Hui Jiao of Liang Dynasty recorded the process of five hundred Arhats in Tiantai Mountain. When tan you walked across the stone beam bridge, he saw the five hundred Arhats "walking, sitting, waving, or lying down. In a short time, there are thousands of changes."
Guangsi temple is located on the side of Shiliang bridge. In the temple, there is a bronze pavilion built by Xu GUI, the eunuch of nine gates in the first year of Tianqi in the Ming Dynasty. There are five hundred Arhats carved in the pavilion, which are lifelike. The pavilion is about 4 feet high and more than 2 feet wide. It was originally placed at the head of Shiliang bridge opposite Guangsi temple in China. It is said that in the past, the monks of Guangsi temple in China used to wear straw sandals every day throughout the year. They walked through the stone beams to offer incense to the copper Pavilion. There were little monks who could also turn somersaults and set up dragonflies on the stone beams, which was beyond imagination.
Tanhua pavilion was built by Jia Sidao, Prime Minister of the Song Dynasty, in Guangsi Temple of the Chinese side. It lasted 700 years. The world has been changing for several times. Tanhua pavilion has been destroyed and built repeatedly. According to the old annals, when the tanhuating pavilion was completed, it provided tea to 500 Arhats. It was found that there were many Epiphyllum flowers in the tea ou, and the word "great man should offer" was indicated. This is the name of tanhuating. There was once a well-known couplet on the Tanhua Pavilion, saying: the sound of wind, water, insects, birds, and chants, which combined 360 bells and drums, was silent; the color of the moon, mountains, grass, trees, clouds, and even the color of 48000 Zhang mountains and mountains, all colors were empty. It is very appropriate to express the artistic conception here.
Tanhuating in front of the hall was first built by Jia Sidao, Prime Minister of Tiantai in LiZong of Southern Song Dynasty. It is said that after the pavilion was completed, when the monks were offering tea, different flowers appeared in the tea cup and disappeared, so it was named "Tanhua Pavilion".
It was destroyed by fire in 1972 and rebuilt in 1980.
Step on the waterfall pavilion where Xu Xia's objective waterfall is located, and you can see the light in front of you. A waterfall falls from the sky with three folds
Its beam is about 7 meters long, and the width of the beam is not too wide. It is like Canglong's ridge. It stretches across the cliffs of the two mountains. It is extremely ingenious and rare in the world. The Jinxi and daxingkeng streams in Liangshang converge here, flowing straight down, forming a waterfall with a drop of more than 30 meters and a width of more than 10 meters. In case of torrential rain, the waterfall water rushes over the beam, and the water falls rapidly. The sound is like thunder. It is magnificent and magnificent. The ancients used to describe the splendor of Shiliang waterfall as "the ice and snow are 3000 Zhang long and the wind and thunder are twelve".
50 meters upstream of Shiliang, there are waterfalls such as the tail of a dragon, echoing each other with the stone beam shaped like a black dragon. It is like a dragon losing its tail. The landscape is unique and extraordinary, which makes people daydream.
Turning right from the intersection of Jinxi and Yinxi, there is a giant stone seal about 200 meters upstream along the Yinxi River, engraved with the words "fahua Chenguang". This is a giant stone seal standing on the stream and skillfully combining natural and artificial. It is estimated to weigh hundreds of tons, which can be called the largest in the world. This is the largest seal in China. It is now preparing to apply for the "Guinness of China" record. The printing body is about 6 meters long and the printing side is 4 meters long. The four characters "fahua Chenguang" are engraved on it.
"Fahua" refers to the Buddhist Tiantai Sect classic "miaoha Lotus Sutra", which is a comprehensive work of Mahayana doctrine; "morning light" is the earliest bathing Mahayana Buddha light in Tiantai Mountain, which is the ancestor of Tiantai Sect.
Before the printing, there is a stone lying horizontally, which can stand more than ten people. The stone is covered with natural colorful cloud patterns. It is a rare "color cloud stone" and an ideal "printing platform". Not far from the great seal, the six corner antique stone pavilion, named "heart to heart" pavilion, can be interpreted as "heart to heart" and "heart to heart" with meaningful meaning.
Hundreds of meters downstream of the copper pot drip, there is a natural stone stream with a length of more than 10 meters and a width of more than a foot. It looks like the body of a dragon. When the current is turbulent, it sprays tens of meters, like a white dragon leaping into the air, which is spectacular. It is called "Longyou stream".
A 40 meter waterfall next to the stream falls down against the cliff, like a white train hanging between the rock walls, and like thousands of strings of silver beads hanging under it, forming a soft and rolling water curtain. Qi Zhaonan, a famous person in Qing Dynasty, called "Pearl curtain spring water".
[bronze pot dripping leakage]: there is a pot shaped waterfall with a big mouth and a small mouth due to the formation fracture and subsidence 3.5 km east of Shiliang. The height of the pot is 15 meters and the diameter is 7 meters. The wall of the pot is smooth and has an ancient bronze color. The waterfall falls into the pot, twists and turns, and then spouts out from the rock gap shaped like the spout of a pot and pours into the abyss to form a blue pool, which looks like the dripping water of the ancient time measuring tool "copper pot", so it is called "copper pot drip leak".
After Taking Hangzhou Ningbo Expressway to Shangyu, it will take about 2 hours to get off at the roof top exit, and 45 minutes from the urban area to the Shiliang waterfall, because most of them are mountain roads. Pay attention to safety.
Hangzhou direction: Hangzhou Ningbo Expressway (Guzhu exit) - shangsan Expressway - Tiantai exit (2 hours drive)
Shanghai direction: Shanghai Hangzhou Expressway Hangzhou Ningbo Expressway (Guzhu exit) - shangsan Expressway - Tiantai exit (3.5 hours drive)
Jiangsu, Wuxi and Changzhou directions: Sujiahang Expressway Hangzhou Ningbo Expressway (Guzhu) - shangsan Expressway - Tiantai exit (4.5 hours drive)
Nanjing direction: Nanjing Hangzhou Expressway Hangzhou Ningbo Expressway (Guzhu) - shangsan Expressway - Tiantai exit (4.5 hours drive)
Wenzhou direction: Ningbo Taizhou Wenzhou Expressway (exit of Sanmen) - shangsan Expressway - Tiantai exit (1.5h drive)
Ningbo direction: at Ningbo Taiwen Expressway (exit of Sanmen) - shangsan Expressway - Tiantai exit (1.5 hours drive)
Jinhua direction: Yiwu Dongyang Shengzhou Xinchang Tiantai (Provincial Road) (2.5 hours drive)
Tiantai passenger station is in the passenger station
In the center of the city, you can take No.5 bus to the parking lot of muyushan in Guoqing to buy tickets, and then transfer to the scenic spot by bus.