在单节点物理机上以All-in-One方式部署与安装OpenStack云操作系统

1.支持运行OpenStack的操作系统

OpenStack作为一个云操作系统,可以安装在使用Linux操作系统的服务器上。

目前可以安装运行OpenStack的操作系统如下:

  • openSUSE
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux/CentOS
  • Ubuntu
  • Debian

2.OpenStack部署工具

以下列出了OpenStack常用部署工具,共5个:

图片[1]-在单节点物理机上以All-in-One方式部署与安装OpenStack云操作系统-不念博客

3.安装OpenStack云操作系统

3.1环境装备

3.1.1物理机准备

准备一台物理机,规划与配置信息如下:

主机名操作系统IP地址备注
mynode-aCentOS Linux release 7.9.2009 (Core)192.168.250.250

资源:

CPU内存硬盘
8核16GB100GB+400GB
3.1.2关闭防火墙与SElinux

停用防火墙并禁用开机自启动:

[root@myopenstack ~]# systemctl stop firewalld
[root@myopenstack ~]# systemctl disable firewalld
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/firewalld.service.
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.fedoraproject.FirewallD1.service.
[root@myopenstack ~]# 

SElinux设置为disabled状态:

root@myopenstack ~]# vim /etc/selinux/config
[root@myopenstack ~]# cat /etc/selinux/config

# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.
# SELINUX= can take one of these three values:
#     enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced.
#     permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.
#     disabled - No SELinux policy is loaded.
SELINUX=disabled
# SELINUXTYPE= can take one of three values:
#     targeted - Targeted processes are protected,
#     minimum - Modification of targeted policy. Only selected processes are protected. 
#     mls - Multi Level Security protection.
SELINUXTYPE=targeted 

为使启机前临时生效,设置:

[root@myopenstack ~]# setenforce 0
3.1.3停用NetworkManager服务

由于NetworkManager网络管理器与OpenStack网络组件Neutron有冲害,应停用它,改用传统的网络服务network来管理网络。

执行下列命令停用NetworkManager服务,并启用network服务管理网络。

[root@myopenstack ~]# systemctl stop NetworkManager
[root@myopenstack ~]# systemctl disable NetworkManager
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/NetworkManager.service.
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.freedesktop.nm-dispatcher.service.
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/network-online.target.wants/NetworkManager-wait-online.service.
[root@myopenstack ~]# systemctl enable network
network.service is not a native service, redirecting to /sbin/chkconfig.
Executing /sbin/chkconfig network on
[root@myopenstack ~]# systemctl start network
[root@myopenstack ~]# 

这里可以查看一下网络状态:

[root@myopenstack ~]# systemctl status network
● network.service - LSB: Bring up/down networking
   Loaded: loaded (/etc/rc.d/init.d/network; bad; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (exited) since Thu 2024-01-04 08:33:16 CST; 1 day 2h ago
     Docs: man:systemd-sysv-generator(8)
  Process: 1159 ExecStart=/etc/rc.d/init.d/network start (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
    Tasks: 0

Jan 04 08:33:11 myopenstack systemd[1]: Starting LSB: Bring up/down networking...
Jan 04 08:33:12 myopenstack network[1159]: 正在打开环回接口: [  确定  ]
Jan 04 08:33:16 myopenstack network[1159]: 正在打开接口 eth0: [  确定  ]
Jan 04 08:33:16 myopenstack systemd[1]: Started LSB: Bring up/down networking.
[root@mynode-a ~]# 
3.1.4设置网络

这里采用桥接模式接入网络,IP地址规划为192.168.250.250/24C类网络:

[root@myopenstack ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
TYPE=Ethernet
DEFROUTE=yes
IPV4_FAILURE_FATAL=no
NAME=eth0
UUID=45242253-7348-405e-111a-40e72803e0ca
DEVICE=eth0
ONBOOT=yes
IPADDR=192.168.250.250
PREFIX=24
GATEWAY=192.168.250.1
DNS1=222.222.222.222
PEERDNS=no
[root@mynode-a ~]# 
3.1.5设置主机名
[root@myopenstack ~]# hostnamectl set-hostname mynode-a

接着修改/etc/hosts文件:

[root@myopenstack ~]# cat /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
192.168.250.250    mynode-a
[root@myopenstack ~]# 

注:设置主机名的目的如下:

其目的是rabbitmq-server服务在启动前会解析主机名的地址是否可用。

如果上面面不设置解析,使用RDO安装OpenStack的过程中启动rabbitmq-server服务时会失败,从而导致安装不成功。

RabbitMQ是一个在AMQP基础上完成的可复用的企业消息系统,为OpenStack的计算组件Nova的各个服务之间提供一个中心的消息机制。

3.1.6更改语言编码
[root@mynode-a ~]# cat /etc/environment 
LANG=en_US.utf-8
LC_ALL=en_US.utf-8
[root@mynode-a ~]# 
3.1.7设置同步时间

OpenStack环境中所有节点的时间必须是同步的,下面用chrony进行同步:

[root@mynode-a ~]# yum install -y chrony
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
Determining fastest mirrors
 * base: mirrors.bfsu.edu.cn
 * extras: mirrors.ustc.edu.cn
……

这里chrony默认已安装,不用安装。

下面增加一个国内的NTP服务器地址:

[root@mynode-a ~]# cat /etc/chrony.conf
# Use public servers from the pool.ntp.org project.
# Please consider joining the pool (http://www.pool.ntp.org/join.html).
server 0.centos.pool.ntp.org iburst
server 1.centos.pool.ntp.org iburst
server 2.centos.pool.ntp.org iburst
server 3.centos.pool.ntp.org iburst
server ntp1.aliyun.com iburst

这里可以查看一下本地时间:

[root@mynode-a ~]# timedatectl
      Local time: Fri 2024-01-05 10:47:21 CST
  Universal time: Fri 2024-01-05 02:47:21 UTC
        RTC time: Fri 2024-01-05 02:47:20
       Time zone: Asia/Shanghai (CST, +0800)
     NTP enabled: yes
NTP synchronized: yes
 RTC in local TZ: no
      DST active: n/a
[root@mynode-a ~]# 

3.2.软件库准备

CentOS7提供的附加软件库中包含启用OpenStack库的RPM包,进行下列设置:

[root@mynode-a ~]# yum -y update 

[root@mynode-a ~]# yum -y install centos-release-openstack-train
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.bfsu.edu.cn
 * extras: mirrors.ustc.edu.cn
 * updates: mirrors.huaweicloud.com
Resolving Dependencies
……

Installed:
  centos-release-openstack-train.noarch 0:1-1.el7.centos                                                                                                                                                      
Dependency Installed:
  centos-release-ceph-nautilus.noarch 0:1.2-2.el7.centos                 centos-release-nfs-ganesha28.noarch 0:1.0-3.el7.centos                 centos-release-qemu-ev.noarch 0:1.0-4.el7.centos                
  centos-release-storage-common.noarch 0:2-2.el7.centos                  centos-release-virt-common.noarch 0:1-1.el7.centos                    

Complete!
[root@mynode-a ~]# 

3.3安装Packstack安装器

执行以下命令安装openstack-packstack及其依赖包:

[root@mynode-a ~]# yum -y update
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.bfsu.edu.cn
 * centos-ceph-nautilus: mirrors.huaweicloud.com
 * centos-nfs-ganesha28: mirrors.bfsu.edu.cn
 * centos-openstack-train: mirrors.bfsu.edu.cn
 * centos-qemu-ev: mirrors.bfsu.edu.cn
……
[root@mynode-a ~]# yum -y install openstack-packstack
……
Installed:
  openstack-packstack.noarch 1:15.1.0-1.el7                                                                                                                                                                      
……
Dependency Installed:
  boost159-atomic.x86_64 0:1.59.0-2.el7.1          boost159-chrono.x86_64 0:1.59.0-2.el7.1                boost159-date-time.x86_64 0:1.59.0-2.el7.1       boost159-filesystem.x86_64 0:1.59.0-2.el7.1          
  boost159-locale.x86_64 0:1.59.0-2.el7.1          boost159-log.x86_64 0:1.59.0-2.el7.1                   boost159-              
  puppet-nova.noarch 0:15.8.1-1.el7                puppet-nssdb.noarch 0:1.0.1-1.2ed2a2dgit.el7           puppet-openstack_extras.noarch 0:15.4.1-1.el7    puppet-openstacklib.noarch 0:15.5.0-1.el7            
  puppet-oslo.noarch 0:15.5.0-1.el7                puppet-ovn.noarch 0:15.5.0-1.el7                       puppet-        
  rubygem-io-console.x86_64 0:0.4.2-39.el7_9       rubygem-json.x86_64 0:1.7.7-39.el7_9                   rubygem-pathspec.noarch 0:0.2.1-3.el7            rubygem-psych.x86_64 0:2.0.0-39.el7_9                
  rubygem-rdoc.noarch 0:4.0.0-39.el7_9             rubygem-rgen.noarch 0:0.6.6-2.el7                      rubygems.noarch 0:2.0.14.1-39.el7_9              yaml-cpp.x86_64 0:0.5.1-6.el7                        

Complete!

安装过程中需要安装许多依赖包,如openstack-packstack-puppet等。

PackstackRDOOpenStack安装工具,用于取代手动设置OpenStack

Packstack基于Puppet工具,通过Puppet部署OpenStack各组件。

Puppet是一种Linux、UNIX和Windows平台的集中配置管理系统,使用自有的Puppet将这些系统实体称为资源,其设计目标是简化对这些资源的管理,妥善处理资源间的依赖关系。

Packstack安装器的基本用法如下:

packstack[选项[--help]

执行 packstack --help命令列出选项清单:

命令选项含义
--gen-ansWer-1ile=SENANSWERFLE产生应答文件模板
--answer-file=ANSWER_FILE依据应答文件的配置信息以非交互模式运行该工具
--install-hosts=INSTALL _HOSTS在一组主机上进行批量安装,主机列表以逗号分隔。第一台主机作为控制节点,其他主机作为计算节点。如果仅提供一台主机,将集中在单节点上以All-in-One方式安装
--allinone将所有功能集中安装在单一主机上
--ssh-public-key=SSH_PUBLIC_KEY用于设置安装在服务器上的公钥路径
--default-password=DEFAULT_PASSWORD用于设置默认密码(会被具体服务或用户的密码所覆盖
--mariadb-install=MARIADB_INSTALL用于设置是否安装MARIADB数据库

3.4运行Packstack安装OpenStack

下面直接使用All-in-One方式进行单节点部署:

[root@mynode-a ~]# packstack --allinone
Welcome to the Packstack setup utility

The installation log file is available at: /var/tmp/packstack/20230824-111449-Rt5WRw/openstack-setup.log
Packstack changed given value  to required value /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub

Installing:
Clean Up                                             [ DONE ]
Discovering ip protocol version                      [ DONE ]
Setting up ssh keys                                  [ DONE ]
Preparing servers                                    [ DONE ]
Pre installing Puppet and discovering hosts' details [ DONE ]
Preparing pre-install entries                        [ DONE ]
Setting up CACERT                                    [ DONE ]
Preparing AMQP entries                               [ DONE ]
Preparing MariaDB entries                            [ DONE ]
Fixing Keystone LDAP config parameters to be undef if empty[ DONE ]
Preparing Keystone entries                           [ DONE ]
Preparing Glance entries                             [ DONE ]
Checking if the Cinder server has a cinder-volumes vg[ DONE ]
Preparing Cinder entries                             [ DONE ]
Preparing Nova API entries                           [ DONE ]
Creating ssh keys for Nova migration                 [ DONE ]
Gathering ssh host keys for Nova migration           [ DONE ]
Preparing Nova Compute entries                       [ DONE ]
Preparing Nova Scheduler entries                     [ DONE ]
Preparing Nova VNC Proxy entries                     [ DONE ]
Preparing OpenStack Network-related Nova entries     [ DONE ]
Preparing Nova Common entries                        [ DONE ]
Preparing Neutron API entries                        [ DONE ]
Preparing Neutron L3 entries                         [ DONE ]
Preparing Neutron L2 Agent entries                   [ DONE ]
Preparing Neutron DHCP Agent entries                 [ DONE ]
Preparing Neutron Metering Agent entries             [ DONE ]
Checking if NetworkManager is enabled and running    [ DONE ]
Preparing OpenStack Client entries                   [ DONE ]
Preparing Horizon entries                            [ DONE ]
Preparing Swift builder entries                      [ DONE ]
Preparing Swift proxy entries                        [ DONE ]
Preparing Swift storage entries                      [ DONE ]
Preparing Gnocchi entries                            [ DONE ]
Preparing Redis entries                              [ DONE ]
Preparing Ceilometer entries                         [ DONE ]
Preparing Aodh entries                               [ DONE ]
Preparing Puppet manifests                           [ DONE ]
Copying Puppet modules and manifests                 [ DONE ]
Applying 192.168.250.250_controller.pp
192.168.250.250_controller.pp:                       [ DONE ]            
Applying 192.168.250.250_network.pp
192.168.250.250_network.pp:                          [ DONE ]         
Applying 192.168.250.250_compute.pp
192.168.250.250_compute.pp:                          [ DONE ]         
Applying Puppet manifests                            [ DONE ]
Finalizing                                           [ DONE ]

 **** Installation completed successfully ******

Additional information:
 * Parameter CONFIG_NEUTRON_L2_AGENT: You have chosen OVN Neutron backend. Note that this backend does not support the VPNaaS or FWaaS services. Geneve will be used as the encapsulation method for tenant networks
 * A new answerfile was created in: /root/packstack-answers-20230824-111451.txt
 * Time synchronization installation was skipped. Please note that unsynchronized time on server instances might be problem for some OpenStack components.
 * File /root/keystonerc_admin has been created on OpenStack client host 192.168.250.250. To use the command line tools you need to source the file.
 * To access the OpenStack Dashboard browse to http://192.168.250.250/dashboard .
Please, find your login credentials stored in the keystonerc_admin in your home directory.
 * Because of the kernel update the host 192.168.250.250 requires reboot.
 * The installation log file is available at: /var/tmp/packstack/20230824-111449-Rt5WRw/openstack-setup.log
 * The generated manifests are available at: /var/tmp/packstack/20230824-111449-Rt5WRw/manifests
You have new mail in /var/spool/mail/root
[root@mynode-a ~]# 

安装完成后,在命令行中执行以下命令,获取OpenStack主要组件Nova的当前安装版本:

[root@mynode-a ~]# nova-manage --version
20.6.0
[root@mynode-a ~]# 

安装完成后,系统会自动创建云管理员admin和用于系统测试用的demo用户账号,其文件信息分别保存在/root下:

4.0K -rw-------. 1 root root  375 Jan 5 10:36 keystonerc_admin
4.0K -rw-------. 1 root root  320 Jan 5 10:36 keystonerc_demo

可以分别查看云管理员和demo用户密码:

[root@mynode-a ~]# cat keystonerc_admin
unset OS_SERVICE_TOKEN
    export OS_USERNAME=admin
    export OS_PASSWORD='60972aca81074223'
    export OS_REGION_NAME=RegionOne
    export OS_AUTH_URL=http://192.168.250.250:5000/v3
    export PS1='[\u@\h \W(keystone_admin)]\$ '
    
export OS_PROJECT_NAME=admin
export OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME=Default
export OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME=Default
export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3
    [root@mynode-a ~]# 
[root@mynode-a ~]# 

[root@mynode-a ~]# cat keystonerc_demo
unset OS_SERVICE_TOKEN
export OS_USERNAME=demo
export OS_PASSWORD='ad605724bc8246e3'
export PS1='[\u@\h \W(keystone_demo)]\$ '
export OS_AUTH_URL=http://192.168.250.250:5000/v3
    
export OS_PROJECT_NAME=demo
export OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME=Default
export OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME=Default
export OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION=3
[root@mynode-a ~]# 

4.登录控制面板

打开浏览器,输入以下地址进入OpenStack登录页面:

http://192.168.250.250/dashboard
图片[2]-在单节点物理机上以All-in-One方式部署与安装OpenStack云操作系统-不念博客

输入demo用户名和密码ad605724bc8246e3进入系统:

图片[3]-在单节点物理机上以All-in-One方式部署与安装OpenStack云操作系统-不念博客

这样就完成了OpenStack云操作系统在CentOS7.9上的部署。

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