网络工程师OSPF综合实验教程步骤详解

今天给大家带来的是OSPF综合实验,OSPF的理论一旦掌握好,实验其实就非常简单了,那么下面大家就打开Ensp模拟器开启实验之旅吧!

实验拓扑

图片[1]-网络工程师OSPF综合实验教程步骤详解-不念博客
实验拓扑

实验需求

  1. 按照图示配置好IP地址,PC1网关指向为R8
  2. OSPF划分为4个区域,其中192.168.0.0/24,192.168.1.0/24,192.168.2.0/24属于AREA 0,192.168.10.0/24属于AREA1,192.168.4.0/24,100.0.0.0/24属于AREA2,192.168.5.0,100.1.1.0/24属于AREA3
  3. 为了防止链路中断引起的骨干区域隔离,在R3和R4上配置虚连接
  4. 在R5上配置到达172.16.0.0/24和172.16.1.0/24网段的静态路由,并引入到OSPF内部
  5. 在R7和R8上配置默认路由,下一跳指向R5和R6
  6. 在ASBR上对172.16.0.0/24和172.16.1.0/24网段进行准确的路由聚合
  7. 在R3和R4上分别对AREA 0的网段进行路由聚合
  8. 将AREA3配置为NSSA区域
  9. 在R6上配置到达100.2.2.0/24网段的静态路由,并引入到AREA3
  10. 在AREA0配置区域认证,密码为123456

实验步骤

1. 配置相应接口IP地址及loopback 环回口地址

2. 按照图示分区域配置OSPF

AR1
[Huawei]ospf 
[Huawei-ospf-1]area 0
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 192.168.0.0 0.0.0.255
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 192.168.1.0 0.0.0.255
AR2
[Huawei]ospf 
[Huawei-ospf-1]area    
[Huawei-ospf-1]area 0
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]net    
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 192.168.0.0 0.0.0.255
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 192.168.2.0 0.0.0.255
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]ar    
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]arp-ping 
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]area    
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]area    
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]area 3
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]net    
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]network 192.168.5.0 0.0.0.255
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]area 1
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]net    
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]network 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255
AR3
[Huawei]ospf 
[Huawei-ospf-1]area 0
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]net    
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 192.168.1.0 0.0.0.255
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]area 1
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]network 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]area 2
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]net    
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]network 192.168.4.0 0.0.0.255
AR4
[Huawei]ospf 
[Huawei-ospf-1]area 0
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]net    
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 192.168.2.0 0.0.0.255
AR5
[Huawei]ospf 
[Huawei-ospf-1]ar    
[Huawei-ospf-1]area 2
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]net    
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]network 192.168.4.0 0.0.0.255
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.2]network 100.0.0.0 0.0.0.255
AR6
[Huawei]ospf 
[Huawei-ospf-1]ar    
[Huawei-ospf-1]area 3
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]net    
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]network 192.168.5.0 0.0.0.255
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]net    
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]network 100.1.1.0 0.0.0.255

3. 在R3和R4上配置虚连接

AR3
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]vlink-peer 192.168.10.2 
AR4
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.1]vlink-peer 192.168.1.1

4. 静态路由,并引入到OSPF内部

AR5
[Huawei]IP route-static 172.16.0.1 24 100.0.0.1
[Huawei]IP route-static 172.16.1.1 24 100.0.0.1
[Huawei-ospf-1]import-route static 
在AR3上查看OSPF 路由表
[Huawei]dis ip routing-table protocol ospf 
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
         Destinations : 7        Routes : 7        

OSPF routing table status : <Active>
         Destinations : 7        Routes : 7

Destination/Mask    Proto   Pre  Cost      Flags NextHop         Interface

      100.0.0.0/24  OSPF    10   2           D   192.168.4.1     GigabitEthernet
0/0/2
      100.1.1.0/24  OSPF    10   3           D   192.168.10.2    GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
     172.16.0.0/24  O_ASE   150  1           D   192.168.4.1     GigabitEthernet
0/0/2
     172.16.1.0/24  O_ASE   150  1           D   192.168.4.1     GigabitEthernet
0/0/2
    192.168.0.0/24  OSPF    10   2           D   192.168.1.2     GigabitEthernet
0/0/0
    192.168.2.0/24  OSPF    10   2           D   192.168.10.2    GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
    192.168.5.0/24  OSPF    10   2           D   192.168.10.2    GigabitEthernet
0/0/1

5. 在R7和R8上配置默认路由,下一跳指向R5和R6

AR7
[Huawei]ip route-static 192.168.4.0 24 100.0.0.2 
AR8
[Huawei]ip route-static 192.168.5.0 24 100.1.1.1 
6. 在ASBR上对172.16.0.0/24和172.16.1.0/24网段进行准确的路由聚合
[Huawei-ospf-1]asbr-summary 172.16.0.0 255.255.254.0
在AR7上PING 测试连通性
[Huawei]ping 192.168.4.1
  PING 192.168.4.1: 56  data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
    Reply from 192.168.4.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=30 ms
    Reply from 192.168.4.1: bytes=56 Sequence=2 ttl=255 time=40 ms
    Reply from 192.168.4.1: bytes=56 Sequence=3 ttl=255 time=10 ms
    Reply from 192.168.4.1: bytes=56 Sequence=4 ttl=255 time=40 ms
    Reply from 192.168.4.1: bytes=56 Sequence=5 ttl=255 time=10 ms

  --- 192.168.4.1 ping statistics ---
    5 packet(s) transmitted
    5 packet(s) received
    0.00% packet loss
    round-trip min/avg/max = 10/26/40 ms
在AR8上测试连通性
[Huawei]ping 192.168.5.1
  PING 192.168.5.1: 56  data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
    Reply from 192.168.5.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=254 time=30 ms
    Reply from 192.168.5.1: bytes=56 Sequence=2 ttl=254 time=30 ms
    Reply from 192.168.5.1: bytes=56 Sequence=3 ttl=254 time=30 ms
    Reply from 192.168.5.1: bytes=56 Sequence=4 ttl=254 time=20 ms
    Reply from 192.168.5.1: bytes=56 Sequence=5 ttl=254 time=30 ms

  --- 192.168.5.1 ping statistics ---
    5 packet(s) transmitted
    5 packet(s) received
    0.00% packet loss
    round-trip min/avg/max = 20/28/30 ms

7. 在R3和R4上分别对AREA 0的网段进行路由聚合

AR3
abr-summary 192.168.0.0 255.255.252.0
AR4
abr-summary 192.168.0.0 255.255.252.0
查看OSPF 路由表,发现已经聚合
[Huawei]DIS IP routing-table protocol ospf 
Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public routing table : OSPF
         Destinations : 5        Routes : 5        

OSPF routing table status : <Active>
         Destinations : 5        Routes : 5

Destination/Mask    Proto   Pre  Cost      Flags NextHop         Interface

      100.0.0.0/24  OSPF    10   4           D   192.168.5.1     GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
     172.16.0.0/23  O_ASE   150  2           D   192.168.5.1     GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
    192.168.0.0/22  OSPF    10   3           D   192.168.5.1     GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
    192.168.4.0/24  OSPF    10   3           D   192.168.5.1     GigabitEthernet
0/0/1
   192.168.10.0/24  OSPF    10   2           D   192.168.5.1     GigabitEthernet
0/0/1

8. 将AREA3配置为NSSA区域

AR4
[Huawei]ospf
[Huawei-ospf-1]area 3
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]nssa 
AR6
[Huawei]ospf
[Huawei-ospf-1]area 3
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.3]nssa 

9. 在R6上配置到达100.2.2.0/24网段的静态路由,并引入到AREA3

AR6
[Huawei]ip route-static 100.2.2.0 24 100.1.1.2    
[Huawei-ospf-1]import-route static 

10. 在AREA0配置区域认证,密码为123456

AR1
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]authentication-mode simple cipher 123456
AR2
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]authentication-mode simple cipher 123456
AR3
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]authentication-mode simple cipher 123456
AR4
[Huawei-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]authentication-mode simple cipher 123456
------本页内容已结束,喜欢请分享------
© 版权声明
THE END
喜欢就支持一下吧
点赞76赞赏 分享
评论 抢沙发
头像
欢迎光临不念博客,留下您的想法和建议,祝您有愉快的一天~
提交
头像

昵称

取消
昵称表情代码图片

    暂无评论内容