Linux系统中安装MATLAB和Mathematica

本文记录在新服务器安装MATLAB和Mathematica,其实就是在Linux系统下安装MATLAB和Mathematica。

注意:本文所安装的MATLAB和Mathematica为正版软件(学校已购买),所以安装是非常简单的。

MATLAB安装

官网的安装说明:

https://ww2.mathworks.cn/help/install/ug/install-products-with-internet-connection.html#bspia1_-1

# MATLAB官网:https://matlab.mathworks.com/
# 下载Linux版本的MATLAB,并将其传到服务器

# 解压并进入文件夹
matlab_R2023b_glnxa64.zip -d matlab_R2023b_glnxa64
cd matlab_R2023b_glnxa64/

# 解压之后得到
archives   installer_input.txt                    mathworks_installation_help_ko_KR.pdf  readme.txt  VersionInfo.xml
bin        license_agreement.txt                  mathworks_installation_help.pdf        resources
cefclient  mathworks_installation_help_es.pdf     mathworks_installation_help_zh_CN.pdf  sys
install    mathworks_installation_help_ja_JP.pdf  matlab_R2023b_glnxa64.zip              ui
# 可以看到,解压之后的“mathworks_installation_help_zh_CN.pdf”告诉我们如何安装
图片[1]-Linux系统中安装MATLAB和Mathematica-不念博客
# 安装
./install

# 碰到的问题
(base) [huangxl@manage MATLAB]$ ./install 
terminate called after throwing an instance of 'std::runtime_error'
  what():  Failed to launch web window with error: Unable to launch the MATLABWindow application. The exit code was: 261
Aborted (core dumped)

# 解决
sudo ./install

注意:该安装需要root权限,否则可能遇到和我一样的报错!

输入sudo ./install,弹出如下界面,输入邮箱并登录即可安装!

图片[2]-Linux系统中安装MATLAB和Mathematica-不念博客
# 配置环境变量
vi ~/.bashrc
export PATH=/data/work/huangxl/software/MATLAB/matlab/bin:$PATH
alias  mat='matlab -nodisplay'
source ~/.bashrc
# 通过以上配置,在终端输入“matlab”会打开图形界面;在终端输入“mat”则不会显示 

在终端输入mat,如下图所示,没有图形界面。

图片[3]-Linux系统中安装MATLAB和Mathematica-不念博客

在终端输入matlab,如下图所示,有图形界面,我们可以进行画图。

图片[4]-Linux系统中安装MATLAB和Mathematica-不念博客
图片[5]-Linux系统中安装MATLAB和Mathematica-不念博客

Mathematica安装

官网的安装说明:https://support.wolfram.com/zh/12453?src=mathematica

# Mathematica官网:https://www.wolfram.com/mathematica/?source=footer
# 下载Linux版本的Mathematica,并将其传到服务器

# Mathematica是存放.sh安装文件的文件夹
cd Mathematica/

# 安装
sudo bash Mathematica_13.3.1_BNDL_LINUX_CN.sh

安装时看清楚界面信息,一步步进行即可。

图片[6]-Linux系统中安装MATLAB和Mathematica-不念博客
图片[7]-Linux系统中安装MATLAB和Mathematica-不念博客

我的完整安装界面如下

Wolfram Mathematica 13.3.1 for LINUX Installer Archive

Verifying archive integrity. 
Extracting installer. ...........................................................
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Wolfram Mathematica 13.3 Installer 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Copyright (c) 1988-2023 Wolfram Research, Inc. All rights reserved.

WARNING: Wolfram Mathematica is protected by copyright law and international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction
or distribution may result in severe civil and criminal penalties and will be prosecuted to the maximum extent
possible under law.

Enter the installation directory, or press ENTER to select /usr/local/Wolfram/Mathematica/13.3:
> /data/work/huangxl/software/Mathematica/mathematica

Now installing...

[**********************************************************************************************************************]

Type the directory path in which the Wolfram Mathematica script(s) will be created, or press ENTER to select
/usr/local/bin:
> /data/work/huangxl/software/Mathematica/mathematica


WolframScript allows Wolfram Language code to be run from the command line and from self-executing script files. It
is always available from /data/work/huangxl/software/Mathematica/mathematica/Executables/wolframscript. WolframScript
system integration makes the wolframscript binary accessible from any terminal, and allows .wls script files to be
executed by double-clicking them in the file manager.

Install WolframScript system integration? (y/n)
> y
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Wolfram Language 13.3 English Documentation 13.3 Installer 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Copyright (c) 1988-2023 Wolfram Research, Inc. All rights reserved.

WARNING: Wolfram Language 13.3 English Documentation is protected by copyright
law and international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction or distribution
may result in severe civil and criminal penalties and will be prosecuted to
the maximum extent possible under law.

All users of this computer will be able to use this software.

Y


Now installing...

[*****************************************************************************]

Installation complete.
# 配置环境变量
vi ~/.bashrc
export PATH=/data/work/huangxl/software/Mathematica/mathematica:$PATH
source ~/.bashrc
# 通过以上配置,在终端输入“mathematica”会打开图形界面;在终端输入“wolfram”则不会显示 

在终端输入wolfram,如下图所示,没有图形界面。

图片[8]-Linux系统中安装MATLAB和Mathematica-不念博客

在终端输入mathematica,如下图所示,有图形界面,我们可以进行画图。

图片[9]-Linux系统中安装MATLAB和Mathematica-不念博客
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