如何在Linux下Redis自动化部署,详细步骤教程

写在前面

  • 分享一些安装 redis 的笔记
  • 本篇文章内容涉及: 通过源码编译和yum 安装 redis Demo通过二进制文件和systemd运行 redis 的配置方式服务管理,配置的文件的简单介绍ansible redis 角色ansible-role-redis 编写通过 ansible 自动化安装
图片[1]-如何在Linux下Redis自动化部署,详细步骤教程-不念博客
如何在Linux下Redis自动化部署

部署Redis服务

安装包下载: wget https://download.redis.io/redis-stable.tar.gz

┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$wget https://download.redis.io/redis-stable.tar.gz
--2022-10-02 00:36:22--  https://download.redis.io/redis-stable.tar.gz
.........
2022-10-02 00:36:24 (3.64 MB/s) - 已保存 “redis-stable.tar.gz” [3047785/3047785])

解压编译安装

┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$tar -xzf redis-stable.tar.gz
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$cd redis-stable/
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$ls
00-RELEASENOTES     CONTRIBUTING.md  INSTALL    README.md   runtest-cluster    SECURITY.md    tests
BUGS                COPYING          Makefile   redis.conf  runtest-moduleapi  sentinel.conf  TLS.md
CODE_OF_CONDUCT.md  deps             MANIFESTO  runtest     runtest-sentinel   src            utils

编译 Redis,切换到根目录,然后运行make:

如果编译成功,你会在src目录中找到几个 Redis 二进制文件,包括:

  • redis-server : Redis 服务器本身
  • redis-cli是与 Redis 对话的命令行界面实用程序。 要在/usr/local/bin中安装这些二进制文件,请运行:make install
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$make
cd src && make all
which: no python3 in (/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/root/bin)
make[1]: 进入目录“/root/redis-stable/src”
    CC Makefile.dep
make[1]: 离开目录“/root/redis-stable/src”
which: no python3 in (/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/root/bin)
make[1]: 进入目录“/root/redis-stable/src”
    CC adlist.o
/bin/sh: cc: 未找到命令
make[1]: *** [adlist.o] 错误 127
make[1]: 离开目录“/root/redis-stable/src”
make: *** [all] 错误 2
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$rpm -q gcc || yum -y install gcc

没有 gcc 包,需要安装一下

┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$make && make install
........
Hint: It's a good idea to run 'make test' '';)

    INSTALL redis-server
    INSTALL redis-benchmark
    INSTALL redis-cli
make[1]: 离开目录“/root/redis-stable/src”
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$

初始化配置

配置服务运行参数 ./utils/install_server.sh 执行源码目录下的初始化脚本

┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$./utils/install_server.sh
Welcome to the redis service installer
This script will help you easily set up a running redis server

This systems seems to use systemd.
Please take a look at the provided example service unit files in this directory, and adapt and install them. Sorry!

这里提示退出了,当前系统的引导进程使用的是 systemd所以,redis 不建议通过这样的方式初始化启动。

这里有两种解决办法:

  • 需要把导致退出的这个状态码注释掉,脚本就可以顺利执行,通过二进制文件启动
  • 使用推荐的 systemd 来管理 redis 服务,做成 Service unit ,通过 systemctl 来管理

当前,作为 Service unit 之后更方便管理,这里我们分别看下

二进制方式

┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$vim ./utils/install_server.sh
#bail if this system is managed by systemd
_pid_1_exe="$(readlink -f /proc/1/exe)"
if [ "${_pid_1_exe##*/}" = systemd ]
then
        echo "This systems seems to use systemd."
        echo "Please take a look at the provided example service unit files in this directory, and adapt and install them. Sorry!"
        #exit 1

运行脚本,默认值即可

┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$./utils/install_server.sh
Welcome to the redis service installer
This script will help you easily set up a running redis server

This systems seems to use systemd.
Please take a look at the provided example service unit files in this directory, and adapt and install them. Sorry!
Please select the redis port for this instance: [6379]
Selecting default: 6379
Please select the redis config file name [/etc/redis/6379.conf]
Selected default - /etc/redis/6379.conf
Please select the redis log file name [/var/log/redis_6379.log]
Selected default - /var/log/redis_6379.log
Please select the data directory for this instance [/var/lib/redis/6379]
Selected default - /var/lib/redis/6379
Please select the redis executable path [/usr/local/bin/redis-server]
Selected config:
Port           : 6379
Config file    : /etc/redis/6379.conf
Log file       : /var/log/redis_6379.log
Data dir       : /var/lib/redis/6379
Executable     : /usr/local/bin/redis-server
Cli Executable : /usr/local/bin/redis-cli
Is this ok? Then press ENTER to go on or Ctrl-C to abort.
Copied /tmp/6379.conf => /etc/init.d/redis_6379
Installing service...
Successfully added to chkconfig!
Successfully added to runlevels 345!
Starting Redis server...
Installation successful!
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$

生成的配置信息:

  • 端口 6379
  • 主配置文件 /etc/redis/6379.conf
  • 日志文件 /var/log/redis_6379.log
  • 数据库目录 /var/lib/redis/6379
  • 服务启动程序 /usr/local/bin/redis-server
  • 命令行连接命令 /usr/local/bin/redis-cli

Service unit 的方式

这里为了演示,我们换一台机器,下载解压安装包

┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$wget https://download.redis.io/redis-stable.tar.gz
┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$tar -xzf redis-stable.tar.gz
┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$cd redis-stable/

这里的话需要安装一个 systemd-devel 包,否则 Service 启动会报下面的错 systemd supervision requested or auto-detected, but Redis is compiled without libsystemd support!

┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$yum -y install gcc
┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$yum -y install systemd-devel 

编译移动二进制文件

┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$make USE_SYSTEMD=yes  && make  install 

确认二进制文件

┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[/usr/local/bin]
└─$ll /usr/local/bin/redis*
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  5198944 10月 30 15:55 /usr/local/bin/redis-benchmark
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root       12 10月 30 15:55 /usr/local/bin/redis-check-aof -> redis-server
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root       12 10月 30 15:55 /usr/local/bin/redis-check-rdb -> redis-server
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  5416224 10月 30 15:55 /usr/local/bin/redis-cli
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root       12 10月 30 15:55 /usr/local/bin/redis-sentinel -> redis-server
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 11401800 10月 30 15:55 /usr/local/bin/redis-server
┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[/usr/local/bin]
└─$

从 安装包的里复制移动相关的单元文件和配置文件

┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable/utils]
└─$mv systemd-redis_server.service  /etc/systemd/system/redis.service
┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable/utils]
└─$cd ..
┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$mkdir -p /etc/redis/
┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$cp redis.conf  /etc/redis/

然后需要修改一下单元文件,这里主要修改了-启动、停止超时时间,加载的redis配置文件位置,设置为守护进程

┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$systemctl cat redis
# /etc/systemd/system/redis.service
# example systemd service unit file for redis-server
#
# In order to use this as a template for providing a redis service in your
# environment, _at the very least_ make sure to adapt the redis configuration
# file you intend to use as needed (make sure to set "supervised systemd"), and
# to set sane TimeoutStartSec and TimeoutStopSec property values in the unit's
# "[Service]" section to fit your needs.
#
# Some properties, such as User= and Group=, are highly desirable for virtually
# all deployments of redis, but cannot be provided in a manner that fits all
# expectable environments. Some of these properties have been commented out in
# this example service unit file, but you are highly encouraged to set them to
# fit your needs.
#
# Please refer to systemd.unit(5), systemd.service(5), and systemd.exec(5) for
# more information.

[Unit]
Description=Redis data structure server
Documentation=https://redis.io/documentation
#Before=your_application.service another_example_application.service
#AssertPathExists=/var/lib/redis
Wants=network-online.target
After=network-online.target

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/redis-server /etc/redis/redis.conf  --supervised systemd  --daemonize yes
## Alternatively, have redis-server load a configuration file:
#ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/redis-server /path/to/your/redis.conf
LimitNOFILE=10032
NoNewPrivileges=yes
#OOMScoreAdjust=-900
#PrivateTmp=yes
Type=notify
TimeoutStartSec=30
TimeoutStopSec=30
UMask=0077
#User=redis
#Group=redis
#WorkingDirectory=/var/lib/redis

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

部分启动参数的意思

  • supervised systemd -通过写入READY=1到$NOTIFY_SOCKET发送信号systemd
  • –daemonize no -默认情况下,Redis不作为守护进程运行。如果需要,请使用yes。注意,当daemonized时,Redis将在/var/run/Redis.pid中写入一个pid文件。

如果之前启动过,修改配置文件需要重新 reload 一下配置文件

┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$systemctl  daemon-reload
┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$systemctl start redis
┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$systemctl status redis
● redis.service - Redis data structure server
   Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/redis.service; disabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since 日 2022-10-30 23:04:52 CST; 10s ago
     Docs: https://redis.io/documentation
 Main PID: 15816 (redis-server)
   Status: "Ready to accept connections"
   CGroup: /system.slice/redis.service
           └─15816 /usr/local/bin/redis-server 127.0.0.1:6379
..............

这两种方式我们直接使用 root 来运行的,一般生产环境,出于安全考虑,一般使用 redis 用户来运行

管理redis 服务

二进制文件方式

查看进程和端口

┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$ss -nutlp | grep redis
tcp    LISTEN     0      128    127.0.0.1:6379                  *:*                   users:(("redis-server",pid=10800,fd=6))
tcp    LISTEN     0      128     ::1:6379                 :::*                   users:(("redis-server",pid=10800,fd=7))
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$ps -C  redis-server
   PID TTY          TIME CMD
 10800 ?        00:00:00 redis-server
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$netstat  -utnlp | grep :6379
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:6379          0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      10800/redis-server
tcp6       0      0 ::1:6379                :::*                    LISTEN      10800/redis-server

停止 redis

┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$/etc/init.d/redis_6379  stop
Stopping ...
Redis stopped
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$netstat  -utnlp | grep :6379

启动 redis

┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$/etc/init.d/redis_6379  start
Starting Redis server...
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$ps -C  redis-server
   PID TTY          TIME CMD
 10842 ?        00:00:00 redis-server
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$

Service unit的方式

查看下进程端口相关信息

┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$ss -nutpl | grep redis
tcp    LISTEN     0      128    127.0.0.1:6379                  *:*                   users:(("redis-server",pid=15896,fd=6))
tcp    LISTEN     0      128     ::1:6379                 :::*                   users:(("redis-server",pid=15896,fd=7))
┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$
┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$cat /var/run/redis_6379.pid
15816
┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$pgrep redis
15816

设置开启自启

┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$systemctl enable redis --now
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/redis.service to /etc/systemd/system/redis.service.
┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$

停止服务

┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$systemctl stop redis.service
┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$systemctl status redis.service
● redis.service - Redis data structure server
   Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/redis.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: inactive (dead) since 日 2022-10-30 23:35:57 CST; 14s ago
     Docs: https://redis.io/documentation
  Process: 15816 ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/redis-server /etc/redis/redis.conf --supervised systemd --daemonize yes (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
 Main PID: 15816 (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
   Status: "Saving the final RDB snapshot"
.....

连接 redis 服务

查看版本

┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$redis-server -v
Redis server v=7.0.5 sha=00000000:0 malloc=libc bits=64 build=7b7dd95daaafae1
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$

命令行客户端使用

┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$redis-cli
127.0.0.1:6379> ping
PONG
127.0.0.1:6379> keys *
(empty array)
127.0.0.1:6379>
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$

远程连接

┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$redis-cli -h 192.168.26.153 -p 6350 -a liruilong
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.26.153:6350> GET *
(nil)
192.168.26.153:6350>

配置文件解析

常用的配置设置

┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$cat /etc/redis/6379.conf | grep -v ^# | grep -v ^$
bind 127.0.0.1 -::1 # 运行监听的IP地址
port 6379  #端口
daemonize yes #是否守护进程
pidfile /var/run/redis_6379.pid # PID 文件位置
loglevel notice #日志级别
logfile /var/log/redis_6379.log #日志位置
databases 16  #数据库个数
maxclients 10000 #客户端最大连接数
dir /var/lib/redis/6379 # 数据库位置
requirepass foobared #连接需要的密码
protected-mode yes #是否为保护模式
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$

在默认配置中,Redis 6之后支持 ACL配置,感兴趣小伙伴可以了解下,原来的密码作为默认用户的密码。下面为命令行的一些配置,当然也可以通过配置文件来配置

192.168.26.153:6350> acl list
1) "user default on sanitize-payload #269028aedd888ab588d32aae3061d3d083d4c3d85ccdc3f4c51c5a0f8a53f4e4 ~* &* +@all"
192.168.26.153:6350> acl setuser liruilong
OK
192.168.26.153:6350> acl list
1) "user default on sanitize-payload #269028aedd888ab588d32aae3061d3d083d4c3d85ccdc3f4c51c5a0f8a53f4e4 ~* &* +@all"
2) "user liruilong off resetchannels -@all"
192.168.26.153:6350> acl setuser liruilong on
OK
192.168.26.153:6350> acl setuser liruilong +@all
OK
192.168.26.153:6350> acl list
1) "user default on sanitize-payload #269028aedd888ab588d32aae3061d3d083d4c3d85ccdc3f4c51c5a0f8a53f4e4 ~* &* +@all"
2) "user liruilong on resetchannels +@all"
192.168.26.153:6350> acl setuser liruilong >liruilong
OK
192.168.26.153:6350> auth liruilong liruilong
OK
192.168.26.153:6350>  acl list
1) "user default on sanitize-payload #269028aedd888ab588d32aae3061d3d083d4c3d85ccdc3f4c51c5a0f8a53f4e4 ~* &* +@all"
2) "user liruilong on #269028aedd888ab588d32aae3061d3d083d4c3d85ccdc3f4c51c5a0f8a53f4e4 resetchannels +@all"
192.168.26.153:6350>

外部连接redis ,需要更改监听接口,默认情况下 redis 开启了保护模式,只监听本地的回环地址,这里需要修改为网卡地址

┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$/etc/init.d/redis_6379 stop
Stopping ...
Redis stopped
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$sed 's/bind 127.0.0.1/bind 192.168.26.153/g' /etc/redis/6379.conf | grep bind
# By default, if no "bind" configuration directive is specified, Redis listens
# the "bind" configuration directive, followed by one or more IP addresses.
# bind 192.168.1.100 10.0.0.1     # listens on two specific IPv4 addresses
# bind 192.168.26.153 ::1              # listens on loopback IPv4 and IPv6
# bind * -::*                     # like the default, all available interfaces
# internet, binding to all the interfaces is dangerous and will expose the
# following bind directive, that will force Redis to listen only on the
bind 192.168.26.153 -::1
# Using bind-source-addr it is possible to configure a specific address to bind
# bind-source-addr 10.0.0.1
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$sed 's/bind 127.0.0.1/bind 192.168.26.153/g' /etc/redis/6379.conf -i
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$

外网访问,建议修改默认端口


┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$sed 's/^port 6379/port 6350/g' /etc/redis/6350.conf | grep "port 6"
port 6350
# tls-port 6379
# cluster-announce-tls-port 6379
# cluster-announce-bus-port 6380
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$sed 's/^port 6379/port 6350/g' /etc/redis/6350.conf -i
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$

添加密码

┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$sed '/^# requirepass/c requirepass liruilong' /etc/redis/6350.conf  | grep -i 'requirepass'
# If the master is password protected (using the "requirepass" configuration
# IMPORTANT NOTE: starting with Redis 6 "requirepass" is just a compatibility
# The requirepass is not compatible with aclfile option and the ACL LOAD
# command, these will cause requirepass to be ignored.
requirepass liruilong
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$sed -i '/^# requirepass/c requirepass liruilong' /etc/redis/6350.conf  | grep -i 'requirepass'
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$

重启服务做简单测试,有的时候,我们直接 kill 调进程,作为守护进程, redis 的进程ID 依然存在

┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$/etc/init.d/redis_6379  start
/var/run/redis_6379.pid exists, process is already running or crashed
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$cat  /var/run/redis_6379.pid
10941
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$rm -rf /var/run/redis_6379.pid

需要删除进程IP文件之后重新启动

┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$/etc/init.d/redis_6379  start
Starting Redis server...
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$/etc/init.d/redis_6379  status
Redis is running (11179)
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$

在156 机器上测试

┌──[root@vms156.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$redis-cli -h 192.168.26.153 -p 6350 -a liruilong
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
192.168.26.153:6350> GET *
(nil)
192.168.26.153:6350>

涉及内存配置

优化内存策略

┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$cat -n /etc/redis/6379.conf | grep -v ^$ | grep -A 15 -m 8 maxmemory
#从物理内存中划分多少内存给redis使用,
#这里没有指定,则代表将本机的所有物理内存交给redis去使用;
  1120  # maxmemory <bytes>

#maxmemory-policy 定义当内存空间不足时,删除已存储数据的方式,
#策略为 noeviction,即,即使内存使用完了,也不删除已存储的数据
  1149  # maxmemory-policy noeviction

#当使用lru,lfu,ttl 策略时,需要指定key模板的个数,
#默认值为5会产生足够好的结果。10非常接近真实的LRU,但CPU成本更高。3更快,但不是很准确。  
  1160  # maxmemory-samples 5

#逐出处理设计为在默认设置下运行良好。
#如果写入流量异常大,则可能需要增加值。降低此值可能会降低延迟,但有被逐出的风险处理有效性
#0=最小延迟,10=默认值,100=不考虑延迟的过程
  1168  # maxmemory-eviction-tenacity 10
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$

内存淘汰策略

maxmemory-policy 配置在内存不足的时候,删除已经存在的数据,对应的删除策略:

┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$cat -n /etc/redis/6379.conf | grep -v ^$ | grep -A 10 MAXMEMORY
  1122  # MAXMEMORY POLICY: how Redis will select what to remove when maxmemory
  1123  # is reached. You can select one from the following behaviors:
  1124  #
  1125  # volatile-lru -> Evict using approximated LRU, only keys with an expire set.
  1126  # allkeys-lru -> Evict any key using approximated LRU.
  1127  # volatile-lfu -> Evict using approximated LFU, only keys with an expire set.
  1128  # allkeys-lfu -> Evict any key using approximated LFU.
  1129  # volatile-random -> Remove a random key having an expire set.
  1130  # allkeys-random -> Remove a random key, any key.
  1131  # volatile-ttl -> Remove the key with the nearest expire time (minor TTL)
  1132  # noeviction -> Don't evict anything, just return an error on write operations.
┌──[root@vms153.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/redis-stable]
└─$

具体的描述

  • volatile-lru -> 向redis中存入数据时,数据已满,则会在设置了TTL过期时间的变量中选择,删除最近最少使用的key,用于存放新的key;
  • allkeys-lru -> 向redis中存入数据时,数据已满,则会在所有的变量中选择,删除最近最少使用的key,用于存放新的key;
  • volatile-lfu -> 向redis中存入数据时,数据已满,则会在设置了TTL过期时间的变量中选择,删除使用频率最少的key,用于存放新的key;
  • allkeys-lfu -> 向redis中存入数据时,数据已满,则会在所有的变量中选择,删除使用频率最少的key,用于存放新的key;
  • volatile-random -> 向redis中存入数据时,数据已满,则会在设置了TTL过期时间的变量中选择,随机删除key,用于存放新的key;
  • allkeys-random -> 向redis中存入数据时,数据已满,则会在所有的变量中选择,随机删除key,用于存放新的key;
  • volatile-ttl -> 向redis中存入数据时,数据已满,删除最近过期的key;
  • noeviction -> 向redis中存入数据时,数据已满,显示报错提示;

自动化部署 ansible Redis 角色编写

初始化一个角色

┌──[root@vms152.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$ansible-galaxy init  ansible-role-redis --init-path=roles
- Role ansible-role-redis was created successfully
┌──[root@vms152.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$ansible-galaxy list
# /root/roles
- ansible-role-redis, (unknown version)
┌──[root@vms152.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$

yum 源 问题,这里安装 redis 3 的版本,主任务文件

主任务yaml文件编写

┌──[root@vms152.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/roles]
└─$cat ansible-role-redis/tasks/main.yml
---
# tasks file for ansible-role-redis
- name: Ensure Redis is installed.
  package:
    name: "{{ redis_package }}"
    state: present
    enablerepo: "{{ redis_enablerepo | default(omit, true) }}"


- name: Create a directory redis data
  file:
    path: "{{ redis_dbdir }}"
    state: directory
    mode: '0755'


- name: Ensure Redis configuration dir exists.
  file:
    path: "{{ redis_conf_path | dirname }}"
    state: directory
    mode: 0755


- name: Ensure Redis is configured.
  template:
    src: redis.conf.j2
    dest: "{{ redis_conf_path }}"
    mode: "{{ redis_conf_mode }}"
  notify: restart redis


- name: Ensure Redis is running and enabled on boot.
  service:
    name: "{{ redis_daemon }}"
    state: started
    enabled: yes


配置文件模板编写

┌──[root@vms152.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/roles]
└─$cat ansible-role-redis/templates/redis.conf.j2
# {{ ansible_managed }}

# 是否守护进程
daemonize yes
# Pid 文件位置
pidfile /var/run/redis/{{ redis_daemon }}.pid
# 端口
port {{ redis_port }}
# 指定 监听的地址
bind {{ redis_bind_interface }}

# 指定Unix套接字的路径
{% if redis_unixsocket %}
unixsocket {{ redis_unixsocket }}
{% endif %}

# 在客户闲置N秒后关闭连接(0表示禁用)
timeout {{ redis_timeout }}

# 日志级别和文件位置
loglevel {{ redis_loglevel }}
logfile {{ redis_logfile }}

# To enable logging to the system logger, just set 'syslog-enabled' to yes,
# and optionally update the other syslog parameters to suit your needs.
# syslog-enabled no
# syslog-ident redis
# syslog-facility local0

# 数据库个数
databases {{ redis_databases }}

# 写入磁盘配置
{% for save in redis_save %}
save {{ save }}
{% endfor %}


rdbcompression {{ redis_rdbcompression }}
dbfilename {{ redis_dbfilename }}
dir {{ redis_dbdir }}

# maxclients 128

# 内存大小,淘汰策略,对应Key的模板个数

{% if redis_maxmemory %}
maxmemory {{ redis_maxmemory }}
maxmemory-policy {{ redis_maxmemory_policy }}
maxmemory-samples {{ redis_maxmemory_samples }}
{% endif %}

# 开启 AOF 持久化,持久化频率。是否考虑缓存
appendonly {{ redis_appendonly }}
appendfsync {{ redis_appendfsync }}
no-appendfsync-on-rewrite no

# 包含的配文件
{% for include in redis_includes %}
include {{ include }}
{% endfor %}

# 密码配置
{% if redis_requirepass %}
requirepass {{ redis_requirepass }}
{% endif %}

# 命令从命令
{% for redis_disabled_command in redis_disabled_commands %}
rename-command {{ redis_disabled_command }} ""
{% endfor %}
#
{{ redis_extra_config }}
┌──[root@vms152.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/roles]
└─$

默认变量设置

┌──[root@vms152.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/roles]
└─$cat ansible-role-redis/defaults/main.yml
---
redis_package: redis
redis_daemon: redis
redis_conf_path: /etc/redis.conf
redis_conf_mode: 0644
redis_enablerepo: epel

redis_port: 6379
redis_bind_interface: 127.0.0.1
redis_unixsocket: ''
redis_timeout: 300

redis_loglevel: "notice"
redis_logfile: /var/log/redis/redis-server.log

redis_databases: 16

# Set to an empty set to disable persistence (saving the DB to disk).
redis_save:
  - 900 1
  - 300 10
  - 60 10000

redis_rdbcompression: "yes"
redis_dbfilename: dump.rdb
redis_dbdir: /var/lib/redis

redis_maxmemory: 0
redis_maxmemory_policy: "noeviction"
redis_maxmemory_samples: 5

redis_appendonly: "no"
redis_appendfsync: "everysec"
# Add extra include files for local configuration/overrides.
redis_includes: []

# Require authentication to Redis with a password.
redis_requirepass: ""

# Disable certain Redis commands for security reasons.
redis_disabled_commands: []
#  - FLUSHDB
#  - FLUSHALL
#  - KEYSls
#  - PEXPIRE
#  - DEL
#  - CONFIG
#  - SHUTDOWN
#  - BGREWRITEAOF
#  - BGSAVE
#  - SAVE
#  - SPOP
#  - SREM
#  - RENAME
#  - DEBUG

redis_extra_config: ""

┌──[root@vms152.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/roles]
└─$

handle 处理器编写

┌──[root@vms152.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/roles]
└─$cat ansible-role-redis/handlers/main.yml
---
# handlers file for ansible-role-redis
- name: restart redis
  service:
     name: "{{ redis_daemon }}"
     state: restarted
┌──[root@vms152.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/roles]
└─$

测试角色

测试剧本yaml文件

┌──[root@vms152.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$cat redistest.yaml
---
- hosts: localhost
  roles:
    - ansible-role-redis

运行角色

┌──[root@vms152.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$ansible-playbook redistest.yaml

PLAY [localhost] **************************************************************************************

TASK [Gathering Facts] ********************************************************************************
ok: [localhost]

TASK [ansible-role-redis : Ensure Redis is installed.] ************************************************
changed: [localhost]

TASK [ansible-role-redis : Create a directory redis data] *********************************************
changed: [localhost]

TASK [ansible-role-redis : Ensure Redis configuration dir exists.] ************************************
ok: [localhost]

TASK [ansible-role-redis : Ensure Redis is configured.] ***********************************************
changed: [localhost]

TASK [ansible-role-redis : Ensure Redis is running and enabled on boot.] ******************************
changed: [localhost]

RUNNING HANDLER [ansible-role-redis : restart redis] **************************************************
changed: [localhost]

PLAY RECAP ********************************************************************************************
localhost                  : ok=7    changed=5    unreachable=0    failed=0    skipped=0    rescued=0    ignored=0

查看运行状态

┌──[root@vms152.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$systemctl status redis
● redis.service - Redis persistent key-value database
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/redis.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
  Drop-In: /etc/systemd/system/redis.service.d
           └─limit.conf
   Active: active (running) since 日 2022-11-06 23:44:47 CST; 6s ago
  Process: 86146 ExecStop=/usr/libexec/redis-shutdown (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
 Main PID: 86161 (redis-server)
   CGroup: /system.slice/redis.service
           └─86161 /usr/bin/redis-server 127.0.0.1:6379

11月 06 23:44:47 vms152.liruilongs.github.io systemd[1]: Stopped Redis persistent key-value database.
11月 06 23:44:47 vms152.liruilongs.github.io systemd[1]: Starting Redis persistent key-value data.....
11月 06 23:44:47 vms152.liruilongs.github.io systemd[1]: Started Redis persistent key-value database.
Hint: Some lines were ellipsized, use -l to show in full.
┌──[root@vms152.liruilongs.github.io]-[~]
└─$

时间关系,通过源码安装的角色这里没有完成,下面是安装的剧本编写,感兴趣小伙伴可以研究下

┌──[root@vms152.liruilongs.github.io]-[~/roles/ansible-role-redis/tasks]
└─$cat install_Compile.yaml
---
# tasks file for ansible-role-redis
- name:  Download redis to  dir  /tmp
  get_url:
     url: https://download.redis.io/redis-stable.tar.gz
     dest: /tmp/
     mode: 777
     force: yes

- name: Extract archive
  unarchive:
  # 2.9 version
  # src: https://download.redis.io/redis-stable.tar.gz
    src: /tmp/redis-stable.tar.gz
    dest: /tmp/
  # remote_src: yes
    remote_src: no

- name: Dependency Package Install
  yum:
    name:
      - gcc
      - systemd-devel
    state: present

- name: Compile and install redis
  shell: 'cd /tmp/redis-stable/;make USE_SYSTEMD=yes  && make  install'

- name: delete redis-stable.tar.gz
  file:
    path: "{{ item }}"
    state: absent
  loop:
    - /tmp/redis-stable
    - /tmp/redis-stable.tar.gz
    。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。
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